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Food of Assam


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Food of Assam

Assam is a place of food lovers and food enthusiasts who love to experience new food and new restaurants. People of Assam love to eat and are great connoisseurs of food. There are many restaurants in Assam ranging from family to buffet to Chinese to multi cuisine. Restaurants in Assam offer food varying from authentic Assamese cuisines to North Indian to Continental to Oriental. So, a visit to restaurants in Assam would be a satisfying experience for tourists. Here is a list of top restaurants in Assam.

Food is a very important part of the culture of any state. A state is known by the food consumed by people. Assam, one of the important states of northeast India, is also known by its unique food. Assamese cuisine is one of the notable cuisines of India. The food cooked here is simple yet unique in its own sense. The style of cooking of Assamese food is simple with much use of vegetables or meat and lesser use of oil and spices. The food of Assam would comprise both vegetarian and non vegetarian and is mostly boiled in nature. And as such, it is one of the healthy forms of food and is widely sought over by many Assamese and non-Assamese people alike. Features of traditional Assamese dish:

Assamese food

  • Rice is the main food of Assam.
  • The cuisines are prepared by the use of fresh vegetables and fish in abundance centered on rice as the staple food.
  • Apart from fish, birds like duck are also cooked and eaten with rice and a vegetable dish.
  • Chicken, mutton, pork and pigeon are also widely consumed.
  • The traditional food in Assam comprises largely of a ‘Khar’ and a ‘Tenga’ (or sour) dish. These two dishes are the definitive characteristic of a traditional Assamese meal.
  • The food is served in bell metal utensils and is concluded with ‘Tamul’ (betel-nut).

Traditional Assamese Meal

A traditional Assamese meal includes rice, dal, aloo pitika, khar, vegetable curry, fish, meat and pickle. Let us take a closer look at a traditional Assamese platter:


Rice is the most important food of Assamese people. Due to its availability in abundance, it is consumed with almost all the dishes. There are different rice varieties which are grown in Assam. Rice is eaten either boiled or sun dried. Rice is also prepared as ‘Jolpan’ or snack in different forms as roasted and grounded (known as xandoh), boiled and flattened (chira), puffed (akhoi) and a rice type which is soaked and eaten (kumal saul). Another form of rice preparation is ‘Poitabhat’ where rice is soaked overnight and eaten in the morning garnished with mustard oil, chilies, pickles, onion and so on.


Fish dishes of Assam

The next important Assamese delicacy is fish. Fish are available in abundance with people involving in pisciculture and fish farms. Different types of fish like Rohu, Hilsa, Chital, Borali, Maagur, Xingi, and Bhakua fried and baked as different delicacies. However, the popular fish delicacy is Tenga Mas (fish sour) which is prepared with tomatoes, kajinemu (thick elongated lemon) and thekera (dried mango stem). Apart from that, fish is also baked in leaves and prepared as a dish named Patotdia maas.


non-veg dishes of Assam

Assamese people are also fond of meat dishes. Different types of meat dishes are prepared by Assamese people. The Assamese meat dishes comprises meats like duck, squab, venison (though venison is legally prohibited) cooked in different styles.

Spices and Pickle


An Assamese delicacy includes a large number of pickles prepared with ginger, garlic, onion, cumin seed, black pepper, chili, turmeric, fenugreek seed, white mustard seed. Pickle of mango, olive, tamarind, mango stem, radish, carrot, elephant apple and  lime are also included in cuisine.


sweet dishes of assam

Pithas are sweets prepared from rice, coconut, sesame and jaggery. Pithas are rice cakes, laddo prepared mostly during Bihu. Rice is soaked and grounded and then fried or baked on fire. Pitha types like Til Pitha (a pitha made with sesame seeds, coconut and jaggery), Ghila pitha (pitha made with rice flour and jaggery and fried in cooking oil), Sunga pitha (pitha made with rice flour and jaggery roasted in a bamboo cork), Tekeli pitha (pitha made with rice flour, coconut, sugar made in vapor over a pitcher or earthen ware), Deksi pitha (same as tekeli pitha but baked in a kettle rather than a pitcher) are worth mentioning. There are also Larus (Laddu) which are prepared with coconut and sesame seeds mix pasted with jaggery. Narikol laru and Tilor laru are the prime types of laddus.

Some of the other recipes of Assam are:

  • Panch Phoron Taarkari
  • Misa Mach Poora (Grilled shrimps)
  • Poora Mach
  • Assam Laksa Stock
  • Koat Pitha (Banana pitha)
  • Bamboo Shoot
  • Poora Haah (Roasted duck)

Assamese Food Preparation Types

Assamese food is prepared in the same way it is prepared in other places. However, there is a typical way of preparing some food items not to be found in any other places. They include:


Assamese cuisine

Khar is a type of food preparation made with the ingredient ‘Khar’. This ingredient is prepared by filtering water through the ashes of a banana tree. Then suitable meal is cooked with this khar ingredient along with the main ingredient. Khar dishes like omita khar and pani lau khar are most loved ones.


This is a sour dish prepared predominantly with fish as the main ingredient. It is prepared with tomatoes, mango stem, lemon and fermented bamboo shoot. Another popular tenga dish is cooked with matimah (urad bean) and outenga (elephant apple).


AssamVeg dishes of

Pitika is a side dish which involves mashing of the main ingredient. The most popular form of pitika is Aloo pitika where potatoes are mashed and garnished with raw onions, chilies and mustard oil. Khorisa tenga is a fermented bamboo shoot which is mashed and garnished with mustard oil and spices. Kharoli is fermented bamboo shoot pickled in mustard oil and spices.

Bora and Pokori

Assamese food

Bora is made with local ‘Xaak’ within the main ingredient and served with tamarind pickle. Pokori or fritter is made of flowers and tender leaves of pumpkin, bottle gourd, eggplant and night flowering jasmine.

Popular Restaurants in Assam

Not only is Assamese food popular but there are some renowned restaurants that offer the best of Assam. The restaurants in Guwahati offer cuisine of the rest of India and the world like Bengali Restaurants, Chinese Restaurant and even some south Indian restaurants

terra maya

Terra Maya
Address: GS road, Guwahati
Phone: 7399013444

Mainland China

Address: GS road, Guwahati
Phone: 0361 2466222

Yo! China
Address: GS road, Guwahati
Phone: 0361 2467999

Address: G S Road, Bhangagarh, Guwahati
Phone: +(91)-361-2454555

Subway Restaurants

Address: Lachit nagar, G S Road, Guwahati
Phne: +(91)-361-6014747

Machaan Restaurant

Address: G S Road, Guwahati
Phone: +(91)-361-2466158

Spice Route Restaurant
Address: Super Market, Dispur, Guwahati
Phone: +(91)-361-2229500

Moti Mahal Delux Tandoori Restaurant
Address: G S Road, Guwahati
Phone: +(91)-361-2466113

The Yellow Chilli
Address: Bhangagarh, G S Road, Guwahati
Phone: +(91)-361-2462381


Address: G S Road, Ganeshguri,  Guwahati
Phone: +(91)-9706453588

Crackling Mustard
Address: Zoo Narengi Road, Zoo Road,  Guwahati
Phone: +(91)-9854080801

China Town
Address: Rajgarh Road, Guwahati
Phone: +(91)-361-2523584

Phone: G S Road, Ulubari, Guwahati
Phone: +(91)-9864291111

KFC Restaurant
Address: G Baruah Road, Zoo Road, Guwahati
Phone: +(91)-361-2204441

Rajasthan Bhojnalaya

Address:Thana Road, Tinsukia
Phone: +(91)-374-2338610

Zurich Restaurants

Address: N B Road, Tinsukia
Phone: +(91)-374-2351517

Diamond Restaurant
Address: H S Road, Dibrugarh
Phone: +(91)-9706152838

Ginger Spice

Address: H S Road, Dibrugarh
Phone: +(91)-373-2321936

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